Trends in Therapeutic Education...
School Refusal - Mark Beitel, Ph.D.
"Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free... Educations shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms... Parents have a prior right to chose the kind of education that shall be given to their children" (United _Nations 1948).
Access to education is a basic human right that is protected by US law. However, some children are unable or unwilling to avail themselves of their right to education. One subgroup of these children is referred to as "school refusers." School refusal has been defined as "child-motivated refusal to attend school or difficulties remaining in school for an entire day" (Kearney 1996). School refusal stands in contrast to truancy, which is more associated with conduct problems (Berg 1993).